Our habitual state

When I’m feeling un-inspired or lethargic I often turn to Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras. And when I’m grasping for a subject to write about (I’ve written 136 of these so far; it’s not always easy to come up with new ideas!) I also sometimes open the sutras up. So that’s what I’ve done today.

There’s so much wisdom contained in these 196 short aphorisms that it would take even the keenest of students many lifetimes to understand it all.

Never mind that there are 196 individual sutras though. The entire wisdom of the yoga sutras is contained within the second, third and fourth sutras. If we can fully understand and realise these three then we have no need for the rest of them.

Note – In case you’re wondering, the first sutra is merely an introduction – “Now begins the instruction on yoga”.

So what do these three sutras tell us?

I.2: Yoga is the stilling of the mind.
I.3: When the mind is still the individual becomes aware of his/her true nature.
I.4: At all other times the individual identifies with his or her own thoughts.

Read that last one again. This is the state in which we all find ourselves (I’m assuming that none of you have reached enlightenment yet).

We strongly identify with the stuff of our own minds; thoughts, anxieties, memories etc. We’re so caught up in being ourselves that we rarely give a thought to the fact that none of our experiences, thoughts, roles (father, student, lawyer, wife, teacher, yoga-practitioner) are the essence of who we are.

If we can still the mind through the practice of yoga (or through any other means) we will come to realise that we are not our thoughts, we are not our bodies, we are not our careers, we are not anything that can be named.

It’s a concept which, once embraced, can lead us down a very different path than we were on before. But it’s a difficult concept for most of us to grasp, so conditioned are we by the society in which we are raised.

That’s why Patanjali has to include 192 more sutras to explain what he means, how we can experience this state, why we should try, and what we will experience along the way.

It’s worth looking into!!

Be like the children

Like most parents, I try to be an example for my two little girls but, more and more, I’m realising that actually, they’re the ones who are teaching me how to live.

They dance with abandon the second they hear a tune they like; they spontaneously break into song in the middle of a crowded coffee shop or in the queue for the checkout at the supermarket; they’re so hungry to learn new things and have new experiences; and they lack any embarrassment whatsoever relating to their own bodily functions!

My 5-year-old daughter has, for a while now, been giving everyone who visits our house something to bring home with them. Our good friend and neighbour went home with 15 cent from her piggy-bank in his pocket this morning after dropping in for a game of Ludo with her and her sister. Yesterday another friend visited with his 16-month-old daughter. She went home with a teddy.

Most people say, “Ah, you’re very good, but don’t be giving your stuff away”. But it makes her so happy to give. She’s disappointed when they refuse the thing she has offered. It’s so easy to see that making other people happy makes her feel happy too.

Why is it that we tend to discourage this behaviour? And why is it that, by the time we’re adults, we feel like we need to hold on tightly to what we have; that if someone else has something that makes them happy (material or otherwise) we tend to feel envy rather than joy in their happiness?

We are conditioned to believe that the more we have, and the more we achieve, the happier we will be but, in reality, becoming unattached to the material world (vairagya) and being in the service of others are the things which can bring us lasting happiness and satisfaction.

We must try and follow the example of our children and revel in the happiness of others. Only then can we truly be an example back to them.

Yoga Sutra 1:33
Maitrī karunā muditopeksānām sukha dukha punyāpunya visayānam bhāvanātaś citta prasādanam

Stillness of mind is maintained by cultivating an attitude of joy in the happiness of others, compassion for the suffering of others, delighting in the good deeds of others, and disregarding to the bad deeds of others.

What is sufficient?

“Don’t think that perfecting an asana makes a good practice. Don’t think like that. Many students say, oh today, I caught my ankles in backbending, today is my good practice. Don’t think like that. Getting up and being on your mat, and just doing what you can, that is sufficient and that is your best practice.”

Sharath Jois

I came across the Instagram page of Ashtanga Yoga Vancouver last week and saw this quote beside one of the photos there. I’ve heard Sharath say something similar in response to a question during one of the weekly ‘conferences’ at the shala in Mysore.

I love how simple Sharath makes everything when he talks. It sometimes seems so unsatisfactory to people because they want everything to be detailed and complicated. There’s always the temptation to say “Yes Sharath, I know all that, but what’s the REAL thing that I need to know in order to progress”. But it’s simple. It really is.

Did you practice today? Yes or no? If the answer is yes then you are on the right track and you are (infinitesimally) closer to the state of yoga than you were yesterday.

Unfortunately these, instead, are the questions that we ask ourselves regularly: Did you catch your hands in Marichasana D? Cross your feet in Supta Kurmasana? Jump back without touching the floor? Get both legs behind your head?

And what happens when we achieve these ‘milestones’ in asana practice? We get another, usually more challenging, asana and the process of striving to achieve that starts again. Exactly the same. Why can’t we recognise this cycle? And the inescapable fact that it’s never-ending?

One of the first things we hear about ashtanga yoga is that there are six series of asanas and that nobody, except Sharath, practises, or even knows, the sixth series. Why, then, can’t we seem to immediately come to the conclusion that achievement of all the asanas is almost impossible and, therefore, that it can’t be the point of the yoga practice in the first place?!

Why do we continue to miss the point, over and over and over until we are broken?

This ashtanga yoga system is a trap. The progression of the primary, intermediate and advanced series fools us into thinking that we must master the asanas. The fact that the asanas get more challenging as we go further seems to suggest that we have to be able to perform extraordinary feats of acrobatics in order to gain the full benefit of the yoga practice. But it is just that, a trap. The asanas are not the point.

It’s fun to learn new asanas of course. And sometimes we need the challenge of mastering a new asana to give us the motivation to continue to practice day after day. We learn determination and, if we’re lucky, patience. So, don’t get me wrong; I encourage you to enjoy the journey of learning new asanas and to attempt to find comfort in each one.

But again, the asanas are not the point! We’re mistaking the tool for the function. The asanas are just a way of creating the conditions for the mind to spontaneously settle into stillness. We can cultivate that stillness in the crucible of daily practice but we have to be careful to keep reminding ourselves that the goal is not achievement in asanas but rather equanimity in all aspects of our lives.

All of that progression through the different asanas and the different series is irrelevant in terms of your progress in yoga. People are way too focused on the achievement of asanas.

If you read last week’s moon-day news you will have seen that I mentioned Sutra I:14 “The mind is stopped (brought into stillness) through practice (abhyasa) and detachment (vairagya).”

Whatever happened to the varaigya part of the equation? And how do we cultivate that? I suggest starting with the above quote from Sharath. Especially these eight words:

“Just doing what you can. That is sufficient”

Embodying the habits we aspire to

“Your habits are the way that you embody a particular identity. So, every morning that you make your bed, you embody the identity of an organised person. Every time you go to the gym you embody the identity of someone who is fit. Every time you sit down to write you embody the identity of someone who’s a writer. And so, in that sense, every action that you take is kind of like a vote for the type of person you believe that you are and, as you take these actions, you build up evidence of a particular identity. Pretty soon, your beliefs have something to root themselves in and that, I think, is the true reason why habits are so important.” – James Clear, author of Atomic Habits.

I recently heard an interview with the author James Clear, from whom I have stolen the idea for this week’s Moon-Day News. It struck me that how a lot of what he was saying could be hugely useful for anyone who struggles to practise yoga regularly, despite wanting to.

The crux of his philosophy is that, in order to follow through with behaviour-change we need to be focused not on what we want to achieve, but rather, on the type of person that we want to become.

We practise yoga for many different reasons and all of those reasons are valid. If you really think about it, though, most of our reasons are based on an outcome in one way or another; to achieve good physical health and a healthy mind, to maintain a healthy weight, to gain mastery of our bodies, to become one with the universal consciousness. These are some of the potential benefits and results that we are practising to achieve.

Despite these noble reasons to practise (who wouldn’t want all of theses things) we often need help in maintaining a regular practice.

What James Clear is saying is that, if, instead of being focused on these goals, we can think of ourselves as the type of person who, for example, doesn’t miss a day a of practice, then we are much more likely to follow through and eventually achieve those goals. True behaviour change comes about by changing our view of ourselves as people.

So, let’s say you only have three minutes to practise today. You no longer have to think “what benefit will I get from just practising one or two surya namaskara?” because now you are embodying the identity of someone who never misses a day of practice.

Some days it’s not about the benefits or results of the practice. Some days it’s just about reinforcing the fact that you’re the type of person who practises regularly. And, as we all know, regular practice is one of the most important elements in the quest to experience the fullest expression of yoga. In fact, according to Patanjali’s yoga sutras, if we practise regularly we are half way there.

Yoga Sutras, Chapter 1

Sutra 2: Yoga is the stopping of the turning of the mind
Sutra 12: The mind is stopped (i.e. the state of yoga is achieved) through practice (abhyasa) and non-attachment (vairagya)
Sutra 14: Practice becomes firlmy established when it is done for a long time, without interruption and with a positive attitude.

I hope this change of mind-set might be helpful to someone reading this. Be the type of person who practises yoga regularly. That’s half the battle. Of course, if we’re in search of true enlightenment, we’ll ultimately have to let that identity go too, along wih everything else that we identify with. That is non-attachment.

Firstly though, let’s just get the practice bit sorted!

Our new shala is almost ready

Yoga students. The day has come!

We are finally moving on from what has been a wonderful chapter in the story of our little shala in Dublin. Our new shala is almost ready and we are so excited about welcoming you there this Sunday for our first class.

Our shala in Baggot Street is about to burst at the seams in its valiant, yet futile attempt to house all of you hard-working ashtanga yoga practitioners and it is definitely time to move on! We’re delighted that we’ll have more space for you all at the new shala.

Finding a new shala, negotiating a lease, and getting the place ready has been a long and difficult process. It’s almost four months since we were told that we would have to find a new home and, at the time, it seemed like we’d have ages to find a new place. As it turns out, we’ll be moving one day before our lease expires in Baggot Street. It has been a stressful process that I wouldn’t recommend you try!

Then, just when we thought we would have everything done and finalised, we were told yesterday that the building work won’t be finished in time for Sunday’s class. Boohoo.

So, unfortunately, we won’t have a shower for the first few days at the new shala. Our builder says he should have it all finished by the end of next week. I know a lot of you like/need to have a shower after practice and I sincerely apologise that it won’t be there straight away. Everything else should be in place by this Sunday.

We really did everything that we could to have it ready in time but, as almost anyone who has dealt with builders in Ireland knows, they sometimes disappear on you just when you really need them. It has been a frustrating few weeks, to say the least. Thankfully we practise ashtanga yoga and, so our equilibrium is totally unaffected by those sorts of things 😉

I had a brief moment of nostalgia in the old shala yesterday evening while I was teaching. The room was as packed as it has been for the last few months and, as the steam rose from the practitioners and made it hard to see to the other end of the room, it struck me how much the space has held us all and provided a haven for us to practise.

Students have come and gone, some have stayed a long time, some a short time, and some only made one visit. So many people have been nourished by coming into contact with the ashtanga yoga practice at our small shala. We’ve played our part in that but, as always it has been the practice itself which has provided all the benefits. Those of you who know us will know that we do not seek the limelight at all, but sometimes we do have to step back and pat ourselves on the back. We’re so proud that we have facilitated the emergence of such a special community of yoga practitioners. That’s how I felt yesterday evening as I squinted through the haze. We’ve done our best to nurture you all on your journey with ashtanga yoga and we are looking forward to continuing that journey in a new place.

A yoga shala, after all, is so much more than the physical building that houses it; it’s the students who really make it into something special. We love you all.

Healthy habits

There’s a lot going on this month. Luke Jordan is coming next week (which takes a lot of organising), we have a new shala in the pipeline, and I’ve got a big (for me) concert coming up in Cork in a couple of weeks.

I don’t tend to suffer from stress too much but I’m feeling it a little this last month or so. I’m starting to see and feel the effects of increased levels of stress in my life and it makes me feel compassion for those who live with stressful situations on an ongoing basis. I know that includes some of you who read this email.

It’s patently true to say that stress is a killer. It has actually become a cliché to say that these days. And I find that worrying. Stress has become the norm for many of us; at work, at home, with family, relationships, commuting, finding a home, you name it.

As a society, we’re starting to sleep less, move less, connect with each other less and our food choices are becoming less and less healthy as the decades go on. It paints a bleak picture of our future and that of our children.

There are, though, some beacons of light amongst us who can help us to combat this downward trend, and I think it’s helpful to share some of the things I do in order to help me lead a more uplifting life.

I eat mostly plant-based, whole, organic food. This is where we buy most of our veggies. For those of you who say you don’t have time to go and find organic food. Just get onto these guys. And sign up for their weekly emails. I find them inspirational.

I absolutely 100% need to get outdoors every day. And so do you. You know it. So do it. Go out and move around. You can borrow my kids if you need an excuse!

I listen to The Rich Roll Podcast almost every week. This guy, for me, is the ultimate lighthouse in the stormy sea. There are so many amazing people out there; teachers, mentors, or people who lead and inspire us by example. How many of them are available for us to listen to for two or more hours every week in our earbuds though? And all for free? Get listening to The Rich Roll Podcast asap!

If I’m lying in bed, unsuccessfully willing myself to get up and get on my mat I sometimes get the phone out and go onto The Happy Pear Instagram account. Seeing those guys swimming in the Irish Sea at sunrise every morning never fails to give me the jolt of positivity that I need to throw the covers off and put the coffee machine on! Be careful though, not to start clicking on all the other accounts or other apps that you’re addicted to on that iPhone!

All of these things are really great but, most importantly, I practice yoga every day that I can. Every day that I practise I am thankful for it. I have found that my life improves in direct proportion to the amount of time I spend on my mat that day, week, month or year.

Stress really is a killer.

And yoga really is magic.

P.S. You can’t really borrow my children. They’d freak out.

A busy life

The Dalai Lama is reported as saying the following:

“I meditate for one hour first thing in the morning, except for days when I’m really busy. On those days I meditate for two hours”.

We all make excuses for neglecting our practice, and the “too busy” excuse is probably the most common.

But it’s during those intense periods of busyness, hyperactivity and stress that we most need to practise.

We all know this already. I’m not coming up with a new idea here. But it’s not easy to fit in yoga practice when life is already full.

I’ve had a pretty busy time of it for the last while; looking for a new shala, taking care of two small children, lots of music practice and concerts, and teaching of course. But I haven’t sacrificed my daily, morning yoga practice and I’ve added a short sitting meditation practice every evening to help calm the mind. I’m not quite at the Dalia Lama level yet but, I’m hoping a few more weeks will do it!

The reason I love the above quote is that it speaks a truth about our usual mindset. The fact that we’re expecting him to say he doesn’t practice meditation when he’s busy shows how our mind lets us make excuses for ourselves.

So maybe we can’t create the space to increase our practice time when we have a very busy day but maybe we can just keep going, keep doing the thing that keeps us on the straight and narrow and helps us to deal with, and maybe even deflect, the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune.

Don’t stop practising.

Never stop practising!

The cycle of long-term practice

Just as I was about to roll out my yoga mat yesterday morning my 5-year-old daughter Molly walked into the room. She woke up two hours earlier than usual and, despite my encouragement, didn’t want to go back to sleep. She was upset because a small, stick-on ‘jewel’ that she had gone to bed with on the back of her hand, had fallen off and she couldn’t find it in the bed. This is grounds for becoming inconsolable at the age of five!

I calmed her down and promised (actually I DOUBLE-PROMISED!) that I would find it as soon as her little sister woke up in the lower bunk.

Then I had a decision to make. Do I start my yoga practice and make her wait until I’m finished, maybe give her some colouring to do? Or do I be with her and spend some quality time with just the two of us?

I chose the quality time and we snuggled up under a blanket on the couch and I read “Daisy And The Trouble With Piggy Banks” to her for a full hour. Molly likes chamomile tea so we had some of that and then it was almost time to wake Anna (the almost-three-year-old) and get the day started properly with breakfast, hair-brushing, teeth-brushing etc. etc. etc…

So I skipped a day of practice.

Despite the fact that the choice I made is the patently selfless and compassionate one, I still have the small gnawing feeling that I’m a sort of ashtanga yoga delinquent for missing a day of practice.

The institution being represented by the man who is visiting Dublin this weekend might have something to do with the installation of those guilty feelings into my consciousness but let’s not get into that here!

I feel like, over the years, as ashtanga yoga practitioners we can be prone to swaying gently but surely between periods of over-exertion and periods of under-exertion. We might spend a couple of years practising really hard, pushing our bodies and minds to their limits on a daily basis. That can be a lot of fun, especially when we’re young and full of vibrancy, but it can also sometimes lead us towards injury and burn-out. Then we might spend another couple of years becoming a bit less energetic in our daily practice. We might do fewer asanas, or do them in a much gentler way and we might miss a day of practice here and there.

It seems to me to be a cyclical thing, akin to the cycles of inhalation and exhalation that we perform through our yoga practice and, indeed, our entire lives. Inhale is effort, exertion, energy, drawing in vitality. Exhale is relaxation, softening, surrender. The cycles of prana and apana happen not just on a minute by minute basis but also over the course of years and even lifetimes.

The idea that someday we will find the perfect balance is, I believe, a myth and I’m starting to think of balance as being something to be achieved over longer periods of time. Nothing is in stasis, everything is in flux and this too shall pass. A period of intensity will be balanced by a period of restfulness.

So I feel, for sure, that I’m in an apana period in my asana practice and, as much as I would like to engage in a long, strong, energetic practice every morning, I must accept and embrace the reality of my daily life.

And anyway, the blanket snuggles with Molly were great 🙂

Keep practising. Don’t stop. But just do what you can.

A different role

There is a certain amount of tension between being a yoga student and running a yoga shala. As a student, it’s my aim (like every other aspiring yogi) to become fully present, aware, mindful of what is happening from moment to moment, accepting things as they come, equanimous in all situations.

This week I have been knee deep in growth forecasts, income projections, membership numbers at the shala and cost/benefit analysis. This is so far away from what I thought I was signing up for when (after Sharath said to me, “You go home and start teaching”) I gave up a couple of part-time music teaching jobs and started to teach Mysore-style with Suzanne.

That being said, I have actually been enjoying my foray into the world of Microsoft Excel. I’ve always been someone who likes learning new things and the whole thing is new enough so as not to be boring… yet!

The reason I’ve been spending so much time with spreadsheets and the calculator app open on my laptop is that we are faced with our latest conundrum about the future of the shala. We’ve been wondering, for a while, if we need a bigger space (as I’m sure many of you students/sardines would be happy to hear). So we’ve been trying to figure out if we can afford a bigger space and, if we can, how much can we afford.

With that in mind, we contacted our current landlord this week to ask what the cost of our next lease would be so that we could compare that to other possible places. Our current lease expires in November and we were fully expecting another fairly significant increase (long-time readers of the moon day news will remember the last lease-saga and the large increase in rent that time).

But it turns out that he has decided not to renew our lease at all, or the leases of any of the three other companies who share our building. He has decided to get rid of us all and to lease the entire four-story building as a single unit.  This is all perfectly acceptable and legal, despite the fact that the some of the companies may have built up some sort of reputation in the location they’ve been in for years. Ladies and gentleman, we really are living in a capitalist utopia.

Luckily for us, our heads had already been turned by thoughts of a bigger shala, so the news wasn’t as shocking as it would otherwise have been. So we are looking around. The cost of premises nearby is quite shocking (hence the excel spreadsheets and growth forecasts) but we are working on it.

So, all this is really just to let you know that our days in 128 Baggot Street are numbered. It was great while it lasted. We might move before November or we might see out our lease in its entirety. Either way, we’ll keep you all informed. And we’ll do our absolute best to provide a great space in the same area; as close as possible to where we are now.

Now, back to that whole being-a-yoga-student thing…

Sometimes it’s hard to be a yoga student

It’s a difficult time to be a yoga student.

Granted, the availability of yoga classes is probably greater than at any point in history so, in that sense, we’ve got it easy, compared to the pioneers who went before us. But we have a big problem that they didn’t have.

We know what all the asanas are supposed to look like.

In the old days, the student had no reference to books, magazines, YouTube, Facebook, Instagram, or even other yoga students. They were taught an asana by their teacher; given as much or as little instruction as was appropriate for them, and they did the asana the way that their own particular body allowed them to.

These days we have the ability to google any new asana that we’re learning and we will be treated to photos and videos of a plethora of strong, flexible, slim, beautiful people doing the pose perfectly. Then we go back to our mat and try to imitate what we saw on the internet.

And what’s the result?

Broken knees.
Broken backs.
Broken shoulders.
Broken hips.
And a broken spirit.

It’s a jungle out there!

We have to always remember that we don’t have the same genetic material as anybody else. Our bones, tendons, ligaments, and muscles are not the same shape or size and are not in the same proportions as anybody else. And the version of any given asana that we do will never, ever be identical to the version that somebody else does.

That’s not the point!

So I encourage you all to find the space inside each yoga posture where you can experience balance; the balance of sthira (steadiness) and sukha (happiness or comfort). Too often we’re seeking one or the other without trying to balance them. We’re either pushing too hard to achieve steadiness, or we’re taking the easy way out to achieve comfort. I must say that, for most ashtanga yoga students, it’s the former!!

Learn to relax in the asanas. It’s so much more enjoyable. Don’t force and fight against the body to try and achieve what you saw somebody doing on the internet or in a book.

When we learn to relax we open up so many more opportunities for new experiences in the yoga practice. It can become a meditation practice where we can observe the effects of each asana on ourselves.  How does the first vinyasa of Surya Namaskara A really feel? Why is that the first movement we make in the practice and what is its effect on us? Are we bringing too much strain and tension to that first vinyasa or are we flopping around without any steadiness at all?

When we start to observe the practice in that way, we can start to get inside the asana.

Get to know the asanas in your own body, with your own experience and forget about what somebody says in their book or on their Instagram account. None of that has got anything to do with you.

Enjoy your practice.


Our next beginners’ course will be in January 2022. If you’d like to get started sooner contact us by clicking here.

We’re offering online classes for everyone and in-person classes for students who are fully vaccinated against Covid. Book your spot here.

The next moon day is Friday the 19th of November. There are no classes on that day.

  • 7 Upper Fitzwilliam Street, Dublin 2
  • (087) 2780 559
Leave us a review on Google